The 9 Parts of Speech

The 9 Parts of Speech from Standard Deviants Accelerate

The 9 parts of speech are; nouns, verbs, pronouns, articles, adjectives, adverbs,
interjections, conjunctions, and prepositions. Learning to distinguish between them can go a long way to help kids understand the English language and how to structure sentences.

Parts of Speech

1. Nouns

Person, place, or thing (tree, car, girl, dog, house, sandy)

Types of Nouns:

  1. Appositive – Noun that renames the subject. (Kathyrn, my soccer coach, is awsome. Renaming Kathyrn.)
  2. Predicate Nominative – (PN) Noun that renames the subject via linking verb. (Kathryn is my COACH.)
  3. Common – Nouns not capitalized (desk, city, cookie, penguin)
  4. Proper – Nouns that starts with a capital letter (Eva, Germany, Diary of a Wimpy Kid, February, Friday)
  5. Singular – Only one thing (horse, camper, arm, pillow, chair)
  6. Plural – Multiple things (horses, campers, arms, pillows, chairs)
  7. Abstract – Nouns that you cannot see (love, patience, hope, courage)
  8. Concrete – Nouns you can see (sidewalk, book, arm, soda)

2. Verbs

Action word (sprinting, jump, run, to walk)

Types of Verbs:

  1. Predicate: Basically another word for “verb.”
  2. Linking: Not an action verb, but linking the subject + predicate adjective. (is, be, was, am, are, seem, look, smell, grow, remain, have been, might be)
  3. Participle: (part.) Verb used as an adjective. ( SOCCER team)
  4. Gerunds: (ger.) Verbs that function as subjects. Such as, SOCCER is my favorite sport.
  5. Active: Doing the action (Chloe EATS chicken.) Chloe is eating chicken.
  6. Passive: Not doing the action (The chicken WAS EATEN by Chloe.) The chicken isn’t doing anything.
  7. Infinitive: Normally “to” at the beginning (to walk, to jump, to slide)
  8. 23 Helping Verbs: Can, could, have, has, had, am, are, do, does, did, be, being, been, shall, should, will, would, was, were, is, may, might, must
  9. Base (play) Past (played) Present participle (playing) Past participle (have played)

3. Pronoun

Word that takes the place of a noun (him, her, it, you, he, she, they. some, each, few, any)

  1. All Singular Pronouns: each, either, neither, everyone, no one, nobody, everybody, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody, doesn’t, isn’t, wasn’t
  2. All Plural Pronouns: both, few, several, many, don’t, aren’t, weren’t
  3. Nominative Pronouns: I, he, she, we, they, who, whoever,
  4. Objective Pronouns: me, him, her, us, them, whom, whomever

4. Article

A, an, the

5. Adjectives

Words that describe nouns (beautiful, shiny, smelly, pretty, bumpy)

  1. Predicate Adjective: An adjective that renames the subject via linking verb. (Ava is loud. Renaming Ava.)

6. Adverbs

Words that describe verbs, often ending in “-ly” (beautifully, colorfully, quickly)

7. Interjections

An exclamation often at a beginning of a sentence. Ah! Oh! Eek!

8. Conjunctions

Conjoining words (and, but, or, also, if, etc.)

9. Prepositions

A word describing a noun’s relations (on, at, below, from, for, beneath, above, against,
until, before, etc. ON the rug, IN the car, BENEATH the chair, etc.

(Predicate Adjective) PA vs. PN (Predicate Noun):

  1. Predicate adjectives rename the subject with an ADJECTIVE. (AVA is loud. Belle is good.
  2. Predicate nouns rename the subject with a NOUN. (Kathryn is a coach. Cinderella is a book.)

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