The 9 parts of speech are; nouns, verbs, pronouns, articles, adjectives, adverbs,
interjections, conjunctions, and prepositions. Learning to distinguish between them can go a long way to help kids understand the English language and how to structure sentences.
Parts of Speech
Person, place, or thing (tree, car, girl, dog, house, sandy)
Types of Nouns:
- Appositive – Noun that renames the subject. (Kathyrn, my soccer coach, is awsome. Renaming Kathyrn.)
- Predicate Nominative – (PN) Noun that renames the subject via linking verb. (Kathryn is my COACH.)
- Common – Nouns not capitalized (desk, city, cookie, penguin)
- Proper – Nouns that starts with a capital letter (Eva, Germany, Diary of a Wimpy Kid, February, Friday)
- Singular – Only one thing (horse, camper, arm, pillow, chair)
- Plural – Multiple things (horses, campers, arms, pillows, chairs)
- Abstract – Nouns that you cannot see (love, patience, hope, courage)
- Concrete – Nouns you can see (sidewalk, book, arm, soda)
Action word (sprinting, jump, run, to walk)
Types of Verbs:
- Predicate: Basically another word for “verb.”
- Linking: Not an action verb, but linking the subject + predicate adjective. (is, be, was, am, are, seem, look, smell, grow, remain, have been, might be)
- Participle: (part.) Verb used as an adjective. ( SOCCER team)
- Gerunds: (ger.) Verbs that function as subjects. Such as, SOCCER is my favorite sport.
- Active: Doing the action (Chloe EATS chicken.) Chloe is eating chicken.
- Passive: Not doing the action (The chicken WAS EATEN by Chloe.) The chicken isn’t doing anything.
- Infinitive: Normally “to” at the beginning (to walk, to jump, to slide)
- 23 Helping Verbs: Can, could, have, has, had, am, are, do, does, did, be, being, been, shall, should, will, would, was, were, is, may, might, must
- Base (play) Past (played) Present participle (playing) Past participle (have played)
Word that takes the place of a noun (him, her, it, you, he, she, they. some, each, few, any)
- All Singular Pronouns: each, either, neither, everyone, no one, nobody, everybody, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody, doesn’t, isn’t, wasn’t
- All Plural Pronouns: both, few, several, many, don’t, aren’t, weren’t
- Nominative Pronouns: I, he, she, we, they, who, whoever,
- Objective Pronouns: me, him, her, us, them, whom, whomever
A, an, the
Words that describe nouns (beautiful, shiny, smelly, pretty, bumpy)
- Predicate Adjective: An adjective that renames the subject via linking verb. (Ava is loud. Renaming Ava.)
Words that describe verbs, often ending in “-ly” (beautifully, colorfully, quickly)
An exclamation often at a beginning of a sentence. Ah! Oh! Eek!
Conjoining words (and, but, or, also, if, etc.)
A word describing a noun’s relations (on, at, below, from, for, beneath, above, against,
until, before, etc. ON the rug, IN the car, BENEATH the chair, etc.
(Predicate Adjective) PA vs. PN (Predicate Noun):
- Predicate adjectives rename the subject with an ADJECTIVE. (AVA is loud. Belle is good.
- Predicate nouns rename the subject with a NOUN. (Kathryn is a coach. Cinderella is a book.)